EIT InnoEnergy home page For Students News & events InnoBlog: Smart grid challenges - the prosumer

Latest news, insights and events for students

07 October 2022

InnoBlog: Smart grid challenges - the prosumer

This blog is the first in a two-part series on the challenges around consumers being more active in the energy transition.


Traditionally, electricity consumers have been, well, just consumers.Electricity was generated in large power plants, transmitted and distributed via the grid, and then flowed to power homes, businesses, and more. However, with the Clean Energy Package (CEP) that the European Commission unveiled in 2019, the advent of the active consumer - aka “prosumer” - has begun.


Prosumers challenge the conventional power flow. Instead of it only flowing one way, prosumers may also be involved with bidirectional power flow. This means that they are equipped with some sort of small-scale generation or storage asset, such as a home with rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, residential energy storage in the form of a lithium-ion battery, or an electric vehicle (EV) that allows vehicle to grid access - or a combination of these!

Challenges and opportunities

Read more +

Active consumers

What’s next?

Read less -

Related news