Authors: Paul Deane, Richard O Shea, Brian Ó Gallachóir (UCC) with Dominic Buchholz from KIC InnoEnergy as reviewer
|Language: English||Year: April 2015|
|Topics: Biofuels in the aviation sector||Weblink|
|Energies: biofuels||Type: Rapid Response Energy Brief|
Summary: This brief reviews a range of different targets for emissions reduction in aviation to the year 2050 and estimates the quantity of bio jet fuels required to meet these targets under a number of growth scenarios. Direct emissions from civil aviation currently account for about 3% of total EU greenhouse gas emissions. Biofuels can help lower the EU’s carbon footprint by providing a renewable alternative to jet fuel in airliners. Biofuels emit less CO2 and contain no sulphur compounds. This analysis shows that in the absence of action, emissions from EU-28 aviation will grow from 151 Mt of CO2 to 405 Mt in 2050. This represents a 167% increase on 2005 levels. Results indicate that for a ‘Hitting the Target’ scenario, where emissions are reduced to 50% below 2005 levels, an average annual growth rate in biofuels of approximately 13% is required from 2020. This translates into the production of 85 Mtoe of bio jet fuel in 2050 representing 77% of final energy demand in aviation in 2050. The additional costs for bio jet fuels are between 0.42 €/L and 1.20 €/L. These costs if spread across all domestic and intra-EU-28 flights in 2020 would add between €1.20 and €4.30 to the cost per passenger of a typical 1000 km flight. This is based on achieving the current EU ambition of 2 Mt of bio jet fuel production in 2020.